TWIGE IGITABO CA DANIYELI 8: 1-27

Daniyeli yerekwa iby’impfizi y’intama n’isekurume y’ihene

Iki cigisho kiravanze  cane, ikirundi n’ikinyarwanda, kuko nzi ko kirindiriwe na bose.

1.Mu mwaka wa gatatu Umwami Belushazari ari ku ngoma, jyewe Daniyeli neretswe ibikurikira ibyo neretswe ubwa mbere.
2.Nkerekwa ibyo nagize ngo ndi ibwami i Shushani mu gihugu cya Elamu, ariko ubwo nabyerekwaga nari ku ruzi Ulayi,
3.nubuye amaso mbona impfizi y’intama ifite amahembe abiri, ihagaze ku ruzi. Ayo mahembe uko ari abiri yari maremare ariko rimwe ryasumbaga irindi, irirerire ni ryo ryaherukaga kumera.
4.Mbona iyo mpfizi y’intama igenda ishyamye yerekeye iburasirazuba n’ikasikazi n’ikusi, ntihagira inyamaswa ihangara kuyihagarara imbere, ntihaboneka ubasha kuziyikiza. Yagenzaga uko yishakiye, ikagira imbaraga.
5.Nkibyitegereza mbona haje isekurume y’ihene iturutse iburengerazuba igenda idakoza amaguru hasi, ikwira isi yose.Kandi iyo sekurume y’ihene yari ifite ihembe rigaragara cyane hagati y’amaso yayo.
6.Nuko itera ya mpfizi y’intama y’amahembe abiri nari nabonye ihagaze ku ruzi, iyivudukira ifite imbaraga n’uburakari bukaze.
7.Mbona yegereye iyo mpfizi y’intama irayirakarira, irayisekura iyivuna ayo mahembe yombi. Ya mpfizi y’intama ntiyari ifite imbaraga zo kuyihagarara imbere. Ahubwo iyo sekurume y’ihene iyikubita hasi irayisiribanga, ntihaboneka uwabasha gukiza iyo mpfizi y’intama imbaraga za ya sekurume y’ihene.
8.Isekurume y’ihene igira imbaraga nyinshi cyane, imaze gukomera iryo hembe rinini riravunika, mu cyimbo cyaryo hamera andi mahembe ane agaragara cyane, yerekeye mu birere bine by’ijuru.

9.Kuri rimwe muri ayo hashamikaho agahembe gato karakura cyane, kaba rinini ryerekeye ikusi n’iburasirazuba n’igihugu gifite ubwiza.

10.Rihinduka rinini rigera mu ngabo zo mu ijuru, ndetse ingabo zimwe n’inyenyeri zimwe ribijugunya hasi rirabisiribanga.
11.Nuko ririkuza ndetse ryireshyeshya n’umugaba w’ingabo, rimukuraho igitambo gihoraho kandi ubuturo bwera burasenyuka.
12.Izo ngabo hamwe n’igitambo gihoraho, bihānwa mu butware bwaryo ku bw’igicumuro. Iby’ukuri ribijugunya hasi, rikajya ribasha ibyo rigambiriye.

 

13.Nyuma numva uwera avuga, maze undi wera abaza uwo wavugaga ati “Ibyo byerekanywe by’igitambo gihoraho n’igicumuro kinyagisha bizageza ryari, ubwo ubuturo bwera n’izo ngabo bizasiribangwa?”
14.Aransubiza ati “Bizageza iminsi ibihumbi bibiri na magana atatu uko bukeye bukira, nyuma ubuturo bwera buzabone kwezwa.
Iki gice kirisigua co nyene, ariko turaza kuraba ibimenyetso bimwe uko vyarangutse mu mateka y’isi.
Uwu mwami Belushaza yavuzwe ku murongo wa mbere, ni wa mwami w’umusinzi (imborerwa mu kirundi). Ku ngoma yiwe niho Daniyeli yarose izo nzozi.
Uriya murwa w’i Shushani, war’umurwa ukomeye cane mu bwami bw’Abaperesi. Ninaho har’ibirimba vy’abami, kuko dusoma mu gitabo ca Nehemiya n’ica Esiteri ngo : « Amagambo ya Nehemiya mwene Hakaliya. Mu kwezi kwitwa Kisilevu mu mwaka wa makumyabiri ubwo nari ibwami i Shushani (Nehemiya 1: 1). Ahandi ngo: « Umwami Ahasuwerusi yari ku ntebe y’ubwami ku murwa w’i Shushani » (Esiteri 1: 3).
Mur’iryo yerekwa Daniyeli yatangiye kubona impfizi y’intama ifise amahembe arutana abiri.  Daniyeli aravuga ati: « maze numva ijwi ry’umuntu riturutse hagati y’uruzi Ulayi arahamagara ati “Gaburiyeli we, sobanurira uwo muntu ibyo yeretswe.” Nuko ansanga aho nari mpagaze, ariko akiza ndatinya nikubita hasi nubamye, nuko arambwira ati “Umva yewe mwana w’umuntu, ibyo weretswe ni iby’igihe cy’imperuka.”(Daniyeli 8: 16-17). Ndagusengera wewe usoma ibi vyigisho ngo wumve ko uriko uriga ibijanye n’igihe c’imperuka, nico turimwo. Gaburiyeli yasobanuye ivy’iyo mpfizi y’intama ati: “Impfizi y’intama y’amahembe abiri wabonye, ni bo bami b’Abamedi n’Abaperesi (Daniyeli 8: 20). Aya mahembe arutana, ubuhanuzi bwavuze ko « rirerire ariryo ryaheruka kumera » (Soma umurongo wa 3). N’ukuvuga ko mu bwami bw’Abamedi n’abaperesi, bwatangiye kwiganzamwo Abamedi, ariko nyuma Abaperesi baje kwivumbaganya ku Bamedi, uwitwa Cyrus le Grand (niwe Kuro), atsinda Astyage umumedi. Ubuhanuzi buba burarangutse (burasohoye). Hari muri 550 imbere y’ivuka rya Yesu. Ibi ntivyatumye Abamedi bigizwayo rwose, ariko bategekera hamwe mugabo Abaperesi bakaba bakuru. Nkuko vyavuzwe kuri ryahembe ryaheruka kumera, ubu bwami imbere y’uko butembagaza ubwa Babuloni, umwami Kuro yakandagiye abo mu Burengerazuba yigarurira muri Lidiya mumwaka wa 547 imbere y’ivuka rya Yesu, uwo bita Cabyse akubita amajyepfo yigarurira egiputa na Nubiya muri 525 mbere ya Yesu, Dariusi wa mbere akandagira aba ruguru yigarurira Abashite muri 513 imbere y’ivuka rya Yesu. Bibliya yerekana ukuntu bari bigaruriye ibihugu vyinshi iti: Ahasuwerusi  yaganza ibihugu 127 uhereye mu Buhindi ugashitsa muri Etiyopiya (Esiteri 1: 1).
Ariko Daniyeli ngo yagez’aho abona haje isuguru y’ihene (isekurume=soma ku murongo wa 5).
.Nkibyitegereza mbona haje isekurume y’ihene iturutse iburengerazuba igenda idakoza amaguru hasi, ikwira isi yose.Kandi iyo sekurume y’ihene yari ifite ihembe rigaragara cyane hagati y’amaso yayo. Nuko itera ya mpfizi y’intama y’amahembe abiri nari nabonye ihagaze ku ruzi, iyivudukira ifite imbaraga n’uburakari bukaze. Mbona yegereye iyo mpfizi y’intama irayirakarira, irayisekura iyivuna ayo mahembe yombi. Ya mpfizi y’intama ntiyari ifite imbaraga zo kuyihagarara imbere. Ahubwo iyo sekurume y’ihene iyikubita hasi irayisiribanga, ntihaboneka uwabasha gukiza iyo mpfizi y’intama imbaraga za ya sekurume y’ihene. Isekurume y’ihene igira imbaraga nyinshi cyane, imaze gukomera iryo hembe rinini riravunika,mucyimb o caryo
hamera andi mahembe ane agaragara cyane, yerekeye mu birere bine by’ijuru (imirongo ya 5-8)
Iyi suguru canke isekurume, isobanura ubwami bw’Abagreki bwakubise ubw’Abamedi n’Abaperesi. Abahgreki bakoresheje imbaraga kandi bihutisha igikorwa co kwigarurira ibihugu. Bwatsinze umwami w’Umuperesi Darius wa III Codoman muri 331 imbere ya Yesu.
Twasomye ngo: ihembe rinini riravunika. Iryo hembe rinini ry’isuguru ryavunitse, n’umwami Alexandre le Grand yayoboye urwo rugamba rwa mbere, aragenda agera mu bihugfu vyo mu Buseruko. Niho yaguye, yishwe n’ingwara yanduye aho yagwaniye mu gishanga. Abacunyi canke abahanguzi ngo bamubwiye ko yoba yinjiwemwo n’imyuka y’amajini. Yapfuye nyuma y’imisi mike iyo ngwara imufashe, yar’amaze nk’imyaka itatu atahukanye intsinzi ku ba Peresi. Abahinga bakomeje gushakashaka icamwishe, bavuze ko ari malariya itari bwamenyekane, kuko aho bagwanira hari imibu myinshi. Ijambo malariya niho ryakomotse, kuko risobanura ngo »impwemu mbi, umwuka mubi. Mu kilatini canke mu kigiriki ngo « mal aria »=mal: kibi, aria: impwemu canke umwuka). Urwo rupfu rwiwe rwabaye muri 323 imbere y’ivuka rya Yesu. Yapfuye akiri muto, afise imyaka 32 gusa.
Mu cyimbo cyaryo hamera andi mahembe ane agaragara cyane, yerekeye mu birere bine by’ijuru (umurongo wa 8). N’ukuvuga abatware bane b’urugamba, babonye shebuja apfuye, bagabangana ubwami bwose. Abo ni :- Lysimaque;
- Cassandre;
- Ptolémée;
- Séleucus. 

9.Kuri rimwe muri ayo hashamikaho agahembe gato karakura cyane, kaba rinini ryerekeye ikusi n’iburasirazuba n’igihugu gifite ubwiza.

10.Rihinduka rinini rigera mu ngabo zo mu ijuru, ndetse ingabo zimwe n’inyenyeri zimwe ribijugunya hasi rirabisiribanga.
11.Nuko ririkuza ndetse ryireshyeshya n’umugaba w’ingabo, rimukuraho igitambo gihoraho kandi ubuturo bwera burasenyuka.
12.Izo ngabo hamwe n’igitambo gihoraho, bihānwa mu butware bwaryo ku bw’igicumuro. Iby’ukuri ribijugunya hasi, rikajya ribasha ibyo rigambiriye.
Ubu bwami bw’Abagreki bwatsinzwe n’Ubw’Abaroma mu ntambara yabereye i Pidna mu mwaka wa 168 mbere ya Yesu, igihe Paul Emile yatsinda Perse umwami w’I Makedoniya.
Abaroma bigarurira ibihugu vyo mu Buseruko. Bigaruriye Siriya muri 65 imbere y’ivuka rya Yesu. Mu majy’epfo bigarurira Egiputa mu mwaka wa 30 imbere ya Yesu, kandi mu mwaka wa 63 imbere ya Yesu niho bagera mu gihugu c’ubwiza arico Palestina, Israeli
 Twasomye ku murongo wa 10 ngo

« Rihinduka rinini rigera mu ngabo zo mu ijuru, ndetse ingabo zimwe n’inyenyeri zimwe ribijugunya hasi rirabisiribanga » Wibuke ko Bibliya ivuga iti:  Yitwa Jambo ry’Imana, ingabo zo mw’ijuru ziramukurikira (Ivyahishuwe 19: 13-14). Abaroma nibo babamvye Yesu, umwami w’Abamarayika.

Twasomye ku murongo wa 11 ngo: Nuko ririkuza ndetse ryireshyeshya n’umugaba w’ingabo, rimukuraho igitambo gihoraho kandi ubuturo bwera burasenyuka.

Bisobanura ukuntu Abaroma bakuyeho ubuturo bwra (Ahera cane) mu mwaka wa 70 nyumav ya Yesu, igihe Titus yayobora igitero co gusenya Yerusaremu, akahatongoza umuriro. Yesu yari yarabivuze ati:  Ni mwabona ibitero bikikije Yerusalemu muze mumenye ko ubuyobe bwaho bugira bushike (Luka 21: 20). Roma yagiye yiganza bukebuke gushika naho ivukamwo Ubupapa. Kandi nkuko iingabo za Titusi zasanganguye ubuturo bwera, niho n’ubupapa bwa Roma bwakomeje kwanka ubuturo bwera, bwigirira za tabernakulo, aho babika Ukaristiya ngo irimwo Yezu, ivy’ukuri babisiribangira hasi,kugirango bucudike neza n’igipagani. Nibwo busobanuro bw’ukuri bw’umurongo wa 11 n’uwa 12.

Iyerekwa ryarangiye gurtya: Nyuma numva uwera avuga, maze undi wera abaza uwo wavugaga ati “Ibyo byerekanywe by’igitambo gihoraho n’igicumuro kinyagisha bizageza ryari, ubwo ubuturo bwera n’izo ngabo bizasiribangwa?”.Aransubiza ati “Bizageza iminsi ibihumbi bibiri na magana atatu uko bukeye bukira, nyuma ubuturo bwera buzabone kwezwa.” (daniyeli 8: 13-14). Iyo misi 2300 tuziga neza ukuntu bayiharura (uko bayibara, twifashishije imibare (ibiharuro tuzigira hamwe mu cigwa gikurikira. Uko biri kwose, iyo misi yararangiye, haca hatangura ibihe vy’imperuka, n’ibi dukunda kwita ngo ni muri Laodikiya. Yesu yavyise kandi ngo ni « imisi y’Umwana w’Umuntu ». Turiko turagenda tugana ku musozo w’ibyigwa, kandi no ku musozo w’ibihe. Umwami Yesu aguhe kwitegurira neza ukugaruka kwiwe. Amen.

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Publié dans : Non classé |le 13 janvier, 2016 |Pas de Commentaires »

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